Odds of an event happening is defined as the likelihood that an event will occur, expressed as a proportion of the likelihood that the event will not occur. Therefore, if A is the probability of subjects affected and B is the probability of subjects not affected, then odds = A /B.
What does a adjusted odds ratio of 0.5 mean?
An odds ratio of 0.5 would mean that the exposed group has half, or 50%, of the odds of developing disease as the unexposed group. In other words, the exposure is protective against disease.
How do you read odds ratio results?
Odds Ratio is a measure of the strength of association with an exposure and an outcome.
- OR > 1 means greater odds of association with the exposure and outcome.
- OR = 1 means there is no association between exposure and outcome.
- OR < 1 means there is a lower odds of association between the exposure and outcome.
What does odds ratio of 1.5 mean?
As an example, if the odds ratio is 1.5, the odds of disease after being exposed are 1.5 times greater than the odds of disease if you were not exposed another way to think of it is that there is a 50% increase in the odds of disease if you are exposed.
What does an adjusted odds ratio of 1 mean?
An odds ratio of less than 1 implies the odds of the event happening in the exposed group are less than in the non-exposed group. An odds ratio of exactly 1 means the odds of the event happening are the exact same in the exposed versus the non-exposed group.
What is adjusted odds ratio with an example?
An adjusted odds ratio is an odds ratio that has been adjusted to account for other predictor variables in a model. It's particularly useful for helping us understand how a predictor variable affects the odds of an event occurring, after adjusting for the effect of other predictor variables.